A FEW EXAMPLES OF GEMS
Perseverance and Constancy
Faith and Innocence
Moral Beauty and Moral Goodness
Purity and Fortitude
Faith in God and Faithful in Friendship
Peace of Mind and Sincerity
Success and Devotedness to Duty
Felicity and Conformity to the Will of God
Divine Love and Mercy
Love and Repentance in Man
Happiness of a Pure Life and Hope
Divine Providence; Resignation and Fidelity
Piety; Fervor in God's Service and Prosperity
Exodus Chapter 28
The holy vestments for Aaron and his sons.
Note: the rational vestment referred to is also called the rational of judgment
this vestment reminded the priest and the people of their duty of God
and it was a warning not to violate this. The gem named ligurious was
an ancient precious stone of Israel.
TAKE unto thee also Aaron thy brother with his sons, from among the
children of Israel, that they may minister to Me in the priest's
office: Aaron, Nadab, and Abiu, Eleazar, and lthamar.
2 And thou shalt make a holy vesture for Aaron thy brother for glory
and for beauty.
3 And thou shalt speak to all the wise of heart, whom I have filled
with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's vestments, in
which he being consecrated may minister to Me.
4 And these shall be the vestments that they shall make: A rational and
an ephod, a tunick and a strait linen garment,a mitre and a girdle.
They shall make the holy vestments for thy brother Aaron and his sons,
that they may do the office of priesthood unto Me.
5 And they shall take gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice
dyed, and fine linen.
6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, and violet, and purple, and
scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, embroidered with divers
7 It shall have the two edges joined in the top on both sides, that
they may be closed together.
8 The very workmanship also and all the variety of the work shall be of
gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted
9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and shalt grave on them the
names of the children of Israel:
10 Six names on one stone, and the other six on the other, according to
the order of their birth.
11 With the work of an engraver and the graving of a jeweller, thou
shalt engrave them with the names of the children of Israel, set in
gold and compassed about:
12 And thou shalt put them in both sides of the ephod, a memorial for
the children of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the
Lord upon both shoulders, for a remembrance.
13 Thou shalt make also hooks of gold.
14 And two little chains of the purest gold linked one to another,
which thou shalt put into the hooks.
15 And thou shalt make the rational of judgment with embroidered work
of divers colours, according to the workmanship of the ephod, of gold,
violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen.
16 It shall be foursquare and doubled: it shall be the measure of a
span both in length and in breadth.
17 And thou shalt set in it four rows of stones: in the first row shall
be a sardius stone, and a topaz, and an emerald:
18 In the second a carbuncle, a sapphire and a jasper.
19 In the third a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst:
20 In the fourth a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl. They shall be set
in gold by their rows.
21 And they shall have the names of the children of Israel: with twelve
names shall they be engraved, each stone with the name of one according
to the twelve tribes.
22 And thou shalt make on the rational chains linked one to another of
the purest gold:
23 And two rings of gold, which thou shalt put in the two ends at the
top of the rational.
24 And the golden chains thou shalt join to the rings, that are in the
25 And the ends of the chains themselves thou shalt join together with
two hooks on both sides of the ephod, which is towards the rational.
26 Thou shalt make also two rings of gold which thou shalt put in the
top parts of the rational, in the borders that are over against the
ephod, and look towards the back parts thereof.
27 Moreover also other two rings of gold, which are to beset on each
side of the ephod beneath, that looketh towards the nether joining,
that the rational may be fitted with the ephod,
28 And may be fastened by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod
with a violet fillet, that the joining artificially wrought may
continue, and the rational and the ephod may not be loosed one from the
29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the
rational of judgment upon his breast, when he shall enter into the
sanctuary, a memorial before the Lord for ever.
30 And thou shalt put in the rational of judgment doctrine and truth,
which shall be on Aaron's breast, when he shall go in before the Lord:
and he shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel on his breast,
in the sight of the Lord always.
31 And thou shalt make the tunick of the ephod all of violet,
32 In the midst whereof above shall be a hole for the head, and a
border round about it woven, as is wont to be made in the outmost parts
of garments, that it may not easily be broken.
33 And beneath at the feet of the same tunick round about, thou shalt
make as it were pomegranates, of violet, and purple, and scarlet twice
dyed; with little bells set between:
34 So that there shall be a golden bell and a pomegranate, and again
another golden bell and a pomegranate.
35 And Aaron shall be vested with it in the office of his ministry,
that the sound may be heard, when he goeth in and cometh out of the
sanctuary, in the sight of the Lord, and that he may not die.
36 Thou shalt make also a plate of the purest gold: wherein thou shalt
grave with engraver's work, Holy to the Lord. . . .
Job: CHAPTER 28
Man's industry searcheth out many things; true wisdom is
taught by God alone.
SILVER hath beginnings of its veins, and gold hath a place wherein it
2 Iron is taken out of the earth; and stone melted with heat is turned
3 He hath set a time for darkness, and the end of all things he
considereth, the stone also that is in the dark and the shadow of
4 The flood divideth from the people that are on their journey, those
whom the food of the needy man hath forgotten, and who cannot be come
5 The land, out of which bread grew in its place, hath been overturned
6 The stones of it are the place of sapphires, and the clods of it are
7 The bird hath not known the path, neither hath the eye of the vulture
8 The children of the merchants have not trodden it, neither hath the
lioness passed by it.
9 He hath stretched forth his hand to the flint, he hath overturned
mountains from the roots.
10 In the rocks he bath cut out rivers, and his eye hath seen every
11 The depths also of rivers he hath searched, and hidden things he
hath brought forth to light.
12 But where is wisdom to be found, and where is the place of
13 Man knoweth not the price thereof, neither is it found in the land
of them that live in delights.
14 The depth saith: It is not in me: and the sea saith: It is not with
15 The finest gold shall not purchase it, neither shall silver be
weighed in exchange for it.
16 It shall not be compared with the s dyed colours of India, or with
the most precious stone sardonyx; or the sapphire.
17 Gold or crystal cannot equal it, neither shall any vessels of gold
be changed for it.
18 High and eminent things shall not be mentioned in comparison of it:
but wisdom is drawn out of secret places.
19 The topaz of Ethiopia shall not be equal to it, neither shall it be
compared to the cleanest dyeing.
20 Whence then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of understanding?
21 It is hid from the eyes of all living, and the fowls of the air know
22 Destruction and death have said: With our ears we have heard the
23 God understandeth the way of it, and He knoweth the place thereof.
24 For he beholdeth the ends of the world: and looketh on all things
that are under Heaven.
25 Who made a weight for the winds, and weighed the waters by measure.
26 When he gave a law for the rain, and a way for the sounding storms.
27 Then he saw it, and declared, and prepared, and searched it.
28 And he said to man: Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom: and
to depart from evil, is understanding.
Ezechiel CHAPTER 28:13
Note: the gem named sardius is the ruby; jasper is a multi-hewed
gem from rock: its green form resembles an emerald and its gold tones,
the topaz; chrysolite is a variant of topaz and or peridot, a light,
translucent green gemstone; beryl is a cystal-like small gemstone of
varying colors, and the carbuncle is a gemstone of reddish-gold hue.
Thou wast in the pleasures of the paradise of God: every precious stone
was thy covering: the sardius, the topaz and the jasper, the
chrysolite, and the onyx, and the beryl, the sapphire, and the
carbuncle, and the emerald: gold the work of thy beauty . . .
Pearls: Matthew 13: 45, 46
Sapphire: Lamentations 4: 7
Diamond: Jeremiah 17:1
Hyacinth: Apocalypse 9:17
Apocalypse CHAPTER 21:18 ff.
18 And the building of the wall thereof was of jasper stone: but the
city itself of pure gold, like to clear glass.
19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all
manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper: the second,
sapphire: the third, a chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald:
20 The fifth, sardonyx: the sixth, sardius: the seventh, chrysolite:
the eighth, beryl: the ninth, a topaz: the tenth, a chrysoprasus: the
eleventh, a jacinth: the twelfth, an amethyst.
21 And the twelve gates are twelve pearls, one to each: and every
several gate was of one several pearl. And the street of the city was
pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
22 And I saw no temple therein. For the Lord God Almighty is the temple
thereof, and the Lamb.
23 And the city hath no need of the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in
it. For the glory of God hath enlightened it, and the Lamb is the lamp
24 And the nations shall walk, in the light of it: and the kings of the
earth shall bring their glory and honour into it.
25 And the gates thereof shall not be shut by day: for there shall be
no night there.
26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.
27 There shall not enter into it any thing defiled, or that worketh
abomination or maketh a lie, but they that are written in the book of
life of the Lamb.