with Explanation of the Prophecy]
[From a castle on
GUIDO DE COSTELLO
Celestine II was
born Guido de Castello,
Tuscany, on the
shores of the Tiber.
Lucius II (1144-1145)
[The enemy expelled]
His name was Gerardo
which means in Italian,
to expel the enemy.
Eugene III (1145-1153)
[Of the greatness
of the mountain]
BERNARDO FORSE DEI PAGNELLI
Born in the castle
[Latin: mons magnus],
his family name was Montemagno.
[Abbot from Suburra]
He was born near
a local named Suburra.
Adrian IV (1154-1159)
De rure albo
[From a white country]
He was born in the
town of Albion known for its white rocks and white cliffs. Albion in
turn was near St. Albans' Abbey and he was consecrated Bishop of
where he worked in countries of perpetual snow. The title applies quite
to the Pope's family coat of arms: there was a goose in it. Another
interpreter reminds the reader that the family of Alexander III
descended from one of those who, aroused by geese, when Brennus
attempted to sack the capital, repulsed him. Malachy was alluding to
the salvation of Rome by Alexander III.
Victor IV (1159-1164
[From the loathsome
He was a Cardinal
of the title of St. Nicholas at the Tullian prison.
[The road beyond
GUIDO DA CREMA
He was a Cardinal
of the title of St. Mary's in
refers to Transtibernia.
[From the Hungary
GIOVANNI DI STRUMI
He was from Hungary.
This is the part
in pontifical history where another antipope, Innocent III comes in,
from 1179-1180. There is no reference to this antipope in Malachy or in
any of interpreters.
Lucius III (1181-1185)
Lux in ostio
[The light at the
door; light in Ostium; the light at the gate]
born in Lucca [light] and was Bishop of Ostia.
Urban III (1185-1187)
Sus in cribo
[A sow in a sieve]
UBERTO OF THE MILANESE FAMILY OF CRIVELLI
His family name was
Crivelli, which means sieve;
his Papal arms had
two sows on it.
[The sword of Lawrence]
ALBERTO DE MORRA
He was a Cardinal
of the title of St. Lawrence
and his armorial
bearing was a drawn sword.
[He shall go forth
from a school]
His family name was
Scolari, which means out of or from the school.
De rure bovensi
[From the country
of Bovis, or cattle country]
His family name is
a variation of Bovis, Bobone.
[Signed Count or
LOTARO DEI CONTI DI SEGNI
A descendant of the
noble Signy, later called Segni family, his birth name was Lotario dei
Conti di Segni.
[A Canon from the
Lateran or side]
He was a Canon from
St. John Lateran; while the fact that he was noted for his
of English and Irish Saints and the approval of the rule of St.
St. Francis, and the Carmelites, have nothing to do with his title, we
include this little history because Catholic Tradition has a
on Celtic Saints and plans to have presentations on Saints of the three
Orders mentioned above.
Gregory IX (1227-1241)
[Bird of Ostia]
UGOLINO, DEI CONTI DI SEGNI
The arms of Gregory
IX show and eagle andprior to his election he was the Cardinal of Ostia.
[The Sabinian Lion]
His amorial bearing
carries a lion and he was Bishop of Sabina.
Cardinal of St. Laurence.
[Sign or standard
RINALDO DEI SIGNORI DI IENNE
Signum Ostiense is
an egigmatic way of pointing to the former Bishop of Ostia's being of
house of Conti-Segni; as an aside he was the Pontiff who canonized St.
Clare and was most favorable to the Franciscans: St. Clare is a Saint
Tradition will be presenting.
Urban IV (1261-1264)
[Jerusalem of Champagne]
Native of Troyes,
Champagne, later Patriarch of Jerusalem.
Clement IV (1265-1268)
[The dragon crushed]
As Pontiff he crushed
the practice of nepotism, which was described as a dragon in the Church
at that time by noted writers: It is a well documented fact that his
act as Pope was to forbid his relatives to come to the Curia or to
to obtain any temporal advantage from his elevation to the papal throne.
Gregory X (1271-1276)
[The man of the
Pope Gregory X was
not even a member of the hierarchy when he was elected Pope. he
the Papal dignity and took the name of Gregory X. He was born Tebaldo
and had risen to Archdeacon, which is below the rank of priest. From
beginning of his pontificate he sought to promote the interests of the
Holy Land. The reference in the title above is to his coat of arms,
shows a serpent.
Innocent V (1276)
[A French preacher]
PETRUS A TARANTASIA
Born in 1225 in south
eastern france, Petrus Tarantasia became the Archbishop of Lyons and
Cardinal of Ostia; he was the initmate advoser of Gregory X whom he
to the papal throne. He was the first Dominican Pope, thus a member of
the Order of Preachers and from France.
Adrian V (1276)
[A good count]
This nephew of Innocent
the IV reigned only from the 12th of July to the 21st of August. He had
been a count and his name Ottobono Fieschi furnishes the explanation
John XXI (1276-1277)
[A Tuscan fisherman]
<>His was born
Juliani; he was appointed Cadinal of Tusculum; Piscator refers
his name Pietro or Petrus; Tuscus is an adjective to refer to
[The modest rose
or The rose composite]
GIOVANNI GAETANO ORSINI
His coat of arms
bore a rose.
Martin IV (1281-1285)
[From the office
of Martin of the lilies
or From the receipt
of custom of Martin of the lilies]
SIMONE DE BRION
Prior to being Pope
he was the Canon and Treasurer at the Church of St. Martin in Tours,
the fleur-de-lis is a well-known emblem of France.
Ex rosa leonina
[From the leonine
The Pope's coat of
arm's had two lions holding a rose.
[A woodpecker among
here is most obscure. It may that Picus inter escas is an
to the fact that Nicholas came from Ascoli in Picenum, which is a bit
This particular Pope's recors are very sketchy. The fact that Malachy's
description makes little sense does not prove that it was meaningless
the time when it was made or even when Nicholas IV became Pope.
from the desert]
PIETRO DI MURRONE
Prior to his electionPietro
di Morrone had become a Benedictine at the age of 17 and loved solitude
which led him to the wilderness of Montemorrone and later into the
of Mount Majella. He followed the example of St. John the Baptist,
hair-cloth roughened with knots. A chain of iron was fastened around
every day except Sundays, and for long stretches of time he lived on
and water. In July 1294 three Cardinals accompanied by a great
of monks ascended the mountain and abbounced that Pietro had been
Pope by a unanimous vote of the Sacred College. Two years and three
had elapsed since the death of Nicholas IV. Pietro heard of his
with tears, but obeyed the will of God. owing to his inexperience of
matters the affairs of the Curia fel into disorder and he looked upon
of state with distaste. He considered abdication. The question arose
the first time whether a Pope could resign. On the 13th of December he
sumoned the Cardinals and announced his resignation. He was later
canonized but as the hermit, Morrone, not Pope Celestine, although he
titled St. Celestine V. [Some accounts pf papal history render his
Boniface VIII, as the jailor of Celestine and have him dying in prison.
This is untrue. Boniface was worried about the extended enthusiasm of
followers of the resigned Pope and had him watched under guard in the
of Fumone, not prison.]
[From a blessing
of the waves]
The Pope's amorial
bearing which shows waves going diagonally down through the middle of
crest is the obvious reference.
[A preacher from
This Pope was a native
of Patara and a Dominican, the Order of Preachers.
Clement V (1305-1314)
BERTRAND DE GOT
He was was from Aquitania
and the fesses refer to the striated lines on his armorial bearings.
John XXII (1316-1334)
[Of the cobbler
He was the son of
a shoe-maker named Osse.
Nicholas V (1328-1330)
an obvious allusion to the Pope's place of origin, di Corvaro, and the schismaticus
to this Pope being one of the antipopes.
He was a Cistercian
monk in the monastery of Fontforid, which means cold and he later was
the Abbot there.
Clement VI (1342-1352)
De rosa Attrebatensi
[From the rose of
He was the Bishop
of Arras and his amorial bearings show six roses.
[From the mountains
refers to the fact that innocent VI had been cardinal of Pammachius and
his family crest shows six hills or mountains.
Urban V (1362-1370)
[A French viscount]
GUGLIELMO DE GRIMOARD
He was born of anoble
French family and this is obviously what St. Malachy is referring to.
Gregory XI (1370-1378)
[A new man from
a strong virgin or a virgin fort]
PIERRE ROGER DE BEAUFORT
De Beaufort, later
Cardinal of Santa Maria Nova's name may be referred to in the word
or it may mean that he "renovated in spirit through the bold
of St. Catherine of Siena, a Virgin: he was one of the Avignon Popes.
Urban VI (1378-1389)
[The Pregnani from
is easily explained here: Urban VI was a Pregnani[Prignani] and a
of place called Inferno near Naples.
[The square of mixture]
is an allusion to the Pope's coat of arms, which had a bent chegny of
[From a better star]
Born in 1336 Cosma became a Papal Delegate to England and in 1387
Archbishop of Ravenna. In 1389 Boniface IX created him Cardinal and on
the 17th October 1404 he was elected Pope and took the name of Innocent
VII. He died on the 6th November 1406. During his reign he did little
for the suppression of the Schism.
Malachy's legend is both a play on words referring to the Pope's name
and an allusion to his armorial bearings whim show a comet.
[A sailor from a black bridge
or the mariner of Negropont]
Angelo Correr was born in 1327 in Venice. He became Bishop of Castello
and Patriarch of Constantine in 1390. In 1405 he was made Cardinal and
after the death of Innocent VII was elected Pope by the Cardinals in
Rome on the 30th November 1406. Due to internal strifes Gregory XII
resigned in 1415. The Cardinals accepted the resignation and appointed
him Bishop of Porto. Two years later, before the election of a new
[valid] Pope, Martin V, Gregory XII died.
Nauta appears to refer to Venice. Gregory XII was also Commendatarius
of the Church of Nigripontis.
[from the Apostolic cross]
ROBERTO DEI CONTI DEL GENEVOIS
Cardinal of the title of the twelve Apostles, this Pope's coat of arms
shows a cross, quarterly pierced. He is responsible for the Great
Schism of the West, a period in the history of the Church which lasted
for nearly half a century.
[the moon of Cosmedin]
PETER DE LUNA
This antipope was the famous Peter De Luna, Cardinal of the title of
St. Mary in Cosmedina, who was born in 1328 and created Cardinal in
1375. He returned to Rome with Gregory XI after whose death he took
part in the conclave which was attacked by the Romans and which elected
Urban VI. His spiritual director and confessor was the great Vincent
Ferrer, who believed him to be the real Pope. When Clement VII died he
was unanimously chosen to succeed him. He died in Spain in 1423.
Malachy's description refers both to the antipope's name and his coat
[the schism of Barcelona]
GIL SANCEZ MUNOZ
antipope is only recorded in a footnote to the Vatican list. He was a
Canon of Barcelona to which Malachy's description alludes and died in
1447. [In the same footnote appears the name Bernardo Garnier who
claimed the title Benedict XIV between 1425 and 1430.]
[the lash of the Sun]
Pietro, born in 1339, was a homeless begger boy in a Cretan city,
knowing neither parents nor relations. He received elementary
education from a friar and later entered a Franciscan monastery.
Because of his unusual ability he was sent to be educated at Oxford and
Paris where he distinguished himself as professor, preacher and writer.
Pietro was made Bishop in 1386 and Pope Innocent VII made him a
Cardinal in 1405. On the 26th June 1409 he was the unanimous choice of
the Cardinals to fill the presumably
papal chair. His pontificate was marked by unsuccessful efforts to
reach Rome. He died on 3rd May 1410 in Bologna, where he was held
prisoner by Cardinal Cossa who succeeded Alexander V as John XXIII, on
the 3rd May 1410.
There is no explanation provided for this prophecy, but it may have
something to do with his confinement and or is inability to reach
Rome.----The Web master.
John XXIII (1410-1415)+
[the stag of the Syren]
Baldassarre was born in 1370 and was one of the seven Cardinals
who, in 1408, deserted Gregory XII and who had pIaced themselves under
the jurisdiction of Benedict XIII. He became Cardinal in 1402 and Papal
Legate in the following year. In 1409 Cossa played an important part in
the Council of Pisa and when Popes Gregory XII and Benedict XIII were
deposed, he conducted the election of Alexander V who remained entirely
under his influence. He died on the 22nd November 1419.
Malachy's prophecy is an allusion to the fact that Cossa became
Cardinal of the title of St. Eustachius, who has the stag as an emblem.
He was born in Naples which has the emblem of the syren.
Martin V (1417-1431)
[The pillar with the golden
Oddone Colonna was born in 1368 and became a Papal Nuncio at various
Italian courts under Boniface IX. In 1405 he was made a Cardinal
(Velabro). He deserted Pope Gregory XII and participated in the
election of the Antipopes Alexander V and John XXIII. The influential
family of Colonna had already given twenty-seven Cardinals to the
Church, but Martin V was the first to ascend to the Papal throne. The
Church was just passing through the most critical period of its
history, the great Western Schism. John XXIII had submitted to Pope
Martin in 1419 and was given the title of Cardinal Bishop of Frascati.
He died in Rome in 1431.
Malachy's prophecy is an allusion to the pope's cardinal title and his
Eugene IV (1431-1447)
[The Cœlestinian she-wolf]
was born at Venice in 1383 and was the nephew of Gregory XII. Although
he inherited a vast fortune, he gave it away to the poor and entered a
monastery. At the age of twenty-four he was appointed by his uncle as
Bishop of Siena. In 1408 he was created Cardinal and became Pope in
1431. He died in Rome in 1447.
refers in his legend to the fact that Eugene IV belonged to the order
of the Celestines and also was Bishop of Siena which bears a she-wolf
on its arms.
Felix V (1439-1449)
[A lover of the Cross]
AMADEUS DUKE OF SAVOY
Amadeus was born in
1383. After the schismatic Council of Basle had declared the rightful
pope, Eugene IV, deposed, the Cardinals wished to secure additional
influence and financial support by turning to the rich and powerful
Prince, the Duke Amadeus VIII of Savoy. After the death of his wife
Maria of Burgundy, Duke Amadeus led a life of contemplation, in the
company of five knights whom he had formed into the Order of St.
Maurice. He was consecrated and crowned by Cardinal d'Allamand in 1440.
He submitted in 1449 to Nicholas V from whom he received the title of
Cardinal of St. Sabina. He died in 1451.
Nicholas V (1447-1455)
[From the littleness
of the moon]
was born in 1397 and acted as the factotum of the Bishop of Bologna for
twenty gears. He accompanied the Bishop on many missions and later
became the protege of Eugene IV who also entrusted him with other
diplomatic tasks, which he carried out with such success that he
received the Cardinal's hat in 1446. After the death of Pope Eugene,
Parentucelli was elected Pope. He died in Rome in 1455.
prophecy refers to his place of birth in the diocese of Luna and his
[Grazing ox or a bull browsing]
was born in 1378 of a noble family and after finishing his studies
espoused the cause of Benedict XIII who created him a Canon. He
submitted, however, to Martin V who appointed him Bishop of Valencia in
1429 and Eugene IV made him a Cardinal in 1444. In 1455 Alfonso de
Borgia was elected Pope. His reign is remarkable for the revision of
the trial of Joan of Arc, which was carried out by his directions and
according to which the sentence of the first court was quashed and her
arms sported a golden grazing ox
Pius II (1458-1464)
[Another version reads
ENEA SILVIO PICCOLOMINI
his pope was also
born of a noble family, in 1405. He received elementary instruction
from a priest and entered the University of Siena at the age of
eighteen. He became the secretary to Bishop Capranica and later to the
antipope Felix V. In 1445 he changed his allegiance and in 1447 became
Bishop of Trieste. In 1456 he was created a Cardinal by Calixtus III
whom he succeeded as Pope in 1458. He died on the 14th August 1464.
description has been interpreted as being an allusion to the fact that
Pius II had been secretary to Cardinal Capranica and Cardinal Albergato
before he was elected Pope.
Paul II (1464-1471)
[From a stag and a lion]
Barbo, a nephew of Eugene IV, was born in Venice in 1417 and entered
the religious profession at the elevation of his uncle to the papacy.
He was first Bishop of Cervia and Cardinal of Venice. He succeeded Pius
II as Pope in 1464 and died in 1471.
refers to his Bishopric Cervia (stag) and his Cardinal title of St.
Sixtus IV (1471-1484)
[The Minorite Fisherman]
FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE
was born in 1414. As a child he was placed in a Franciscan monastery
because of the poverty of his parents. After filling the post of
Procurator of his order in Rome, he was in 1467 created Cardinal by
Paul II. He was elected Pope in 1471. His reign was overshadowed by
political strifes and quarrels in which members of his family played
leading parts and his appointing of men such as Pietro and Girolamo
Riario to the highest offices in the Church are blots on his high
office. He died in 1484.
was born the son of a fisherman and a member of the Minor Friars. [It
is interesting to note that at the time of Malachy this Order did not
[The Precursor of Sicily or the forerunner from Sicily]
GIOVANNI BATTISTA CIBO
Giovanni was born in 1432 and entered the service of the Church after a
somewhat licentious youth. In 1467 he became Bishop and in 1484 the
successor to Sixtus IV. Great insecurity reigned at Rome during his
rule, largely owing to weakness on his part in dealing with
transgressors. In 1484 he issued his much abused Bull against
witchcraft. Constantly confronted with financial difficulties he
resorted to the objectionable habit of creating new offices and
granting them to the highest bidders. A great number of Papal Bulls
were sold during his reign, many of which are considered to be
forgeries: among these latter must be placed the permission granted to
the Norwegians to celebrate Mass without wine.
[The Alban bull at the port]
The young Rodrigo who was born in Spain on the 1st
January 1431, had not yet chosen his profession when the elevation of
his uncle to the Papacy (1455) opened up new prospects to his ambition.
His uncle conferred upon him rich benefices and sent him to study law
at the University of Bologna. In 1456 he was made a Cardinal and he
held the titles of Cardinal Bishop of Albano and Porto. Towards 1470
began his relations with Venozza Catanei, the mother of this four
children: Juan, Caesar, Lucrezia and Jofre.
Borgia, by a two-thirds majority which was secured by
his own vote, became Pope in 1492, and took the name of Alexander VI.
He is probably the only Pope who has never found an apologist in spite
of the most grievous accusations against him by his contemporaries.
Perhaps the kindest thing one can do is to use the words of Leo the
Great (440-461) who had declared in his "Third Homily for Christmas
Day" that "The dignity of Peter suffers no diminution even in an
unworthy successor". Alexander VI died in Rome on the 18th August 1503.
Malachy's prophecy refers to the pope's armorial
bearings and his Cardinal titles of Albano and Porto.
Pius III (1503)
[From a little man]
who was a nephew of Pope Pius II, was born in 1439. He had spent his
boyhood in destitute circumstances when his uncle took him into his
household, bestowed upon him his family name and arms and took charge
of his training and education. His uncle appointed him Archbishop of
Siena and in 1460 created him Cardinal. After the death of Alexander VI
the Cardinals could not agree on a principal candidate and cast their
vote in favour of Piccolomini, who though only 64 years old died after
a reign of only 26 days, in 1503.
refers to his family name Piccolomini (parvus homo), in English: little
Julius II (1503-1513)
[The fruit of Jupiter
GIULIANO DELLA ROVERE
della Rovere was born in 1443. He followed his uncle into the
Franciscan Order and, after his uncle's elevation to the Papacy as
Sixtus IV in 1471, began his public career. In 1471 he was created a
Cardinal and held numerous episcopal sees. After the death of Sixtus IV
in 1484 Cardinal Rovere played a disreputable role in the election of
Innocent VIII. Seeing that his own chances for the Papacy were
unfavourable he secured the election of a Pope likely to be a puppet in
his hands. After the death of Alexander VI he was again a strong
candidate, but he had to allow the sick Piccolomini to become Pope
before he was able to secure the Cardinals' votes for himself by
bribery and promises. (It was the shortest conclave in the history of
the Papacy). Julius II spent money liberally on the erection of
magnificent palaces and fortresses. Before he became Pope he was the
father of three daughters, one of whom, Felice, he gave in marriage to
Giovanni Orsini in 1506. He died in 1513.
Latin legend "Fructus Jovis Juvabit" is a reference to the Pope's
armorial bearings. On his arms was an oak tree which was the sacred
tree to Jupiter.
Leo X (1513-1521)
[From a Politian "gridiron"]
GIOVANNI DE' MEDICI
Giovanni de' Medici was born in 1475 son of Lorenzo de'
Medici (the Magnificent) and appointed a Cardinal at the age of
thirteen. His educator and mentor was the most distinguished humanist
and scholar, Angelo Politiano. In 1494 he had to flee his native city
in the habit of a Franciscan monk and made several fruitless attempts
to restore the supremacy of his family in Florence. The Medicis
returned to favour in 1512 and in 1513 Giovanni, then thirty-seven
years old, was elected Pope. During his reign he spent nearly five
million ducats and left his successor with a debt of nearly half a
million ducats. His creditors faced financial ruin and contemporary
publications proclaim "Leo X has consumed three pontificates, the
treasure of Julius II, the revenues of his own reign and those of his
successor". He died at Rome in 1521.
"Craticula", the "gridiron" refers to his father
Laurence the Magnificent and "Politiana" to his mentor.
Adrian VI (1522-1523)
[the lion of Florence]
the only Pope of modern times, except Marcellus II, who
retained his Baptismal name. Born of humble parentage in Utrecht in
1459, his education was sponsored by his mother and also Margaret of
Burgundy. In 1506 he became the tutor to the grandson of Emperor
Maximillian, the future Charles V. Within the next decade he became
Bishop, Grand Inquisitor, Cardinal and finally Regent of Spain. In 1522
the Cardinals elected him unanimously to succeed Pope Leo X. Adrian VI
died on the 14th September 1523.
legend refers to his family name and to the fact that two lions adorn
[The flower of the ball]
GIULIO DE' MEDICI
1478 a few days after the death of his father, Giulio was educated by
his uncle Laurence the Magnificent. After his cousin's elevation to the
Papacy as Leo X, many honours were bestowed upon him and in 1513 he was
made a Cardinal. After Adrian's death Cardinal de' Medici was
eventually chosen Pope. He was an Italian Prince, a diplomat first and
a spiritual ruler afterwards. He died in 1534.
Pilei Aegri is a reference to the Pope's armorial bearings; on his arms
were six torteaux, the top one of which was charged with three
fleurs-de-lis. It is during this Pope's reign that the divorce of
Katherine of Aragon and Henry VIII's revolt against the Church took
Paul III (1534-1549)
[The hyacinth of physicians]
Alessandro was born at Rome in 1468 of an ancient Roman
family with a long tradition of service to the Church. His grandfather
was commander-in-chief of Papal troops under Eugene IV. Alessandro had
an excellent education and with such advantages as birth and talent his
advancement in the Church was assured and rapid. In 1493 Alexander VI
created him a Cardinal with the title of St. Cosmas and Damian. He was
a Cardinal for over forty years and finally became Dean of the Sacred
College. In 1534 the conclave proclaimed him successor to Clement VII
without the formality of a ballot. During his reign a number of
religious orders were founded, of which the Jesuits and Ursulines are
the best known. He died in 1549.
Earlier interpreters give the Pope's arms as charged
with six hyacinths. He was also Cardinal of the title of St. Cosmas and
Damian, who were both doctors. Malachy's legend appears to refer to
these two facts.
Julius III (1550-1555)
De corona Montana
[Of the mountain crown]
GIAMMARIA M. CIOCCHI DEL MONTE
Giammaria was born on the 10th September 1487 and
studied under the Dominicans. In 1512 he succeeded his uncle Antonio
del Monte as Archbishop of Siponto. Under Clement VII he was twice
appointed Prefect of Rome and after the sack of the City (1527) was one
of the hostages given by Clement VII to the Imperialists. Paul III
created him a Cardinal in 1536 and he became the successor to that Pope
in 1550 after a conclave of ten weeks. His inactivity during the last
three years of his pontificate was caused by frequent and severe
attacks of gout. The great blemish in his reign was Nepotism: shortly
after his accession he created a youth of seventeen, whom he had picked
up in the streets of Palma, a Cardinal. He was also extremely lavish in
bestowing ecclesiastical honours and benefices upon his relatives. On
the 23rd March 1555 he died in Rome.
Malachy's legend refers to the Pope's armorial bearings:
his arms showed laurel crowns and mountains.
[Hairy grain or useless corn]
Marcello was born in 1501 and had a spectacular career
as Papal secretary, which position offered him great influence in the
Curia. Pope Paul III created him a Cardinal in 1539. In
1545 he was appointed one of the three Presidents of the Council of
Trent and in 1548 he became Librarian of the Vatican. He was also
Bishop of Nicastro and Reggio. After the death of Julius III the
thirty-nine Cardinals of the conclave elected Cardinal Cervini to the
papacy; however, he died after a reign of only twenty-two days.
Palestrina entitled one of his famous polyphonic Masses
"Missa Papa, Marcelli" in his honour. The Pope's arms show ears of
wheat, while the other reference obviously alludes to the shortness of
Paul IV (1555-1559)
De fide Petri
[Of the faith of Peter]
GIOVANNI PIETRO CARAFFA
The family into which Giovanni was born in 1476 was one of the most
illustrious in Naples and he was introduced to the Papal court in 1494
by his famous uncle Cardinal Oliviero Caraffa. Leo X appointed him
Ambassador to England and also retained him as Nuncio in Spain. In 1536
he became Cardinal and later Archbishop of Naples. In 1555 he was
During his unfortunate reign occurred the final break
between the Church of Rome and England. His pontificate was a great
disappointment: he who at the beginning was honoured by a public statue
lived to see it thrown down and mutilated by the hostile population of
Rome. On the 18th August 1559 he died, and was buried in St. Peters,
but his body was later transferred to another church.
Paul IV appears to have been better known by his
Christian name Pietro; Caraffa is derived from the Latin "ara fides".
Pius IV (1559-1565)
[The medicine of
Aesculapius or The Aesculapius of doctors]
GIOVANNI ANGELO DE' MEDICI
This pope was born at
Milan in 1499. The Medicis of Milan lived in very humble circumstances
and the proud house of Florence of the same name claimed no kindred
with them until Cardinal Medici was seated on the Papal throne. After
his studies in his twenty eighth year he went to Rome where his talents
were appreciated by successive Popes. In the last year of Paul III's
reign he was created a Cardinal and Julius III appointed him Commander
of the Papal troops. His hostility towards Paul IV worked out to his
advantage because the conclave which had assembled to elect that Pope's
successor voted for the man who in every respect was Paul's opposite.
By acclamation he was pronounced Pope in 1560. He died in 1565.
legend appears to be a reference to the Pope's family name, but most
interpreters point out that the young Medici had studied medicine and
was a qualified doctor.
St. Pius V (1566-1572)
Angel of the wood and The Angel of Bosco]
ANTONIO MICHELE GHISLERI
a poor family in 1504 Antonio was educated by the Dominicans and
entered that religious order in 1528. Pope Paul IV made him a Bishop in
1556 and a Cardinal in 1557. In the same year he was appointed
Inquisitor General for all Christendom. When Pius IV wished to admit a
thirteen year old boy into the Sacred College, Cardinal Ghisleri
opposed and defeated the Pope and his plans. In 1566 he was elected
Pontiff. He died in 1572. During his reign he excommunicated Queen
Elizabeth I of England and wrote a letter to Mary Stuart in prison.
Latin legend refers to the Pope's Christian name Michele (Angelus) and
his birthplace (Bosco) Lombardy.
Ugo was born at
Bologna in 1502. He studied law and was appointed Judge of the Capitol
by Pope Paul III. Paul IV appointed him a Bishop and Pius IV created
him a Cardinal in 1564. After the death of Pius V in 1572 he was
elected Pope. His main efforts were concentrated on restoring the
Catholic faith in those countries that had become Protestant.
Historians have severely criticised Gregory XIII for the massacre of
the Huguenots on St. Bartholomew's day in 1572. No other act of Gregory
XIII has gained for him a more lasting fame than his reform of the
Julian calendar which was introduced in 1578. He died at Rome in 1585.
interpreters give as an explanation for "Medium Corpus Pilarum" the
fact that on his shield was a dragon naissant, and that Gregory XIII
was created a Cardinal by Pius V who had six Torteaux (Pilias) on his
Coat of Arms.
Sixtus V (1585-1590)
Axis in medietate
in the midst of the sign]
was born the son of a gardener in 1521 and it is said of him that as a
boy he worked as a swineherd. When nine years old he joined a convent
where he was educated and ordained Priest in 1547. He soon became
famous as a preacher and Pope Pius IV appointed him Counsellor to the
Inquisition at Venice. In 1566 he was created a Bishop by Pius V and in
1570 Cardinal. In 1585 he was elected Pope after a conclave of four
days. After a reign of five years he died in 1590.
prophecy is a straightforward allusion to the Pope's coat of arms.
Urban VII (1590)
De rore caeli
[From the dew of Heaven]
GIOVANNI BATTISTA CASTGNA
Battista was born at Rome in 1521 and was a nephew of Cardinal
Jacovazzi. He studied civil and canon law and graduated as a doctor of
both. In 1553 he was appointed Archbishop of Rossano and Julius III
sent him as Governor to Fano in 1555. In 1573 he resigned his See and
Gregory XIII sent him as Nuncio to Venice. In 1583 he was made a
Cardinal. Three years later he became Inquisitor General of the Holy
Office. He was elected Pope in 1590, on the 15th September, and his
reign lasted only 13 days. He died on the 27th September 1590.
VII had been Bishop of Rossano in Calabria where manna called "the dew
of Heaven" is gathered. (Manna is a sweetish secretion from many
trees-as the Manna Ash etc.)
[From the old city]
was born near Milan in 1553. His father Francisco, a Milanese senator,
was, after the death of his wife, created a Cardinal by Pope Paul III
in 1544. Niccolo was ordained priest and then appointed Bishop of
Cremona in 1560. Gregory XIII created him Cardinal Priest of Santa
Cecilia in 1583. In 1590 he succeeded Urban VII as Pope. He died in
is an old city having been founded in 400 B.C.
[The pious city at war]
GIOVANNI ANTONIO FACCHINETTI
1519 Giovanni became secretary to a Roman Cardinal and in 1560 Bishop.
In 1575 he was appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem and in 1583 created
Cardinal of the title of the Four Crowned Martyrs. During the reign of
Gregory XIV much of the burden of the Papal administration rested on
his shoulders and on the Pontiff's death he was raised to the Papacy.
He died in 1591.
legend obviously refers to the city of Jerusalem of which the Cardinal
was Patriarch before succeeding to the Papacy.
[The Roman cross]
Ippolito was born in
1536. His career was spectacular and he became Cardinal in 1585. His
spiritual mentor had been Phillip Neri who remained his confessor for
over thirty years. On his elevation to the Papacy Baronius became the
Pope's confessor. He died in 1605. The adjective Romulus, meaning
Roman, is also mentioned in one of the hymns of the Breviary. The
Pope's coat of arms show an embattled bend which is also referred to as
a Roman cross. Abbe Cucherat refers to the "cross of Ireland" Clement
VIII had to bear at this time because the impoverished and persecuted
country remained faithful to Rome. There has always been a very special
regard for this Pope by the Irish. [During this Pope's reign the
twenty-six martyrs of Japan were crucified; their canonization was
reserved for the Pope to whom Malachy had given the description "Crux
Leo XI (1605)
billowy man; disappearing like the waves of the sea]
ALESSANDRO OTTAVIANO DE' MEDICI
Medici was born at Florence in 1535. He became ambassador to Pius V,
representing the Duke of Tuscany, which position he held for fifteen
years. Gregory XIII made him a Bishop in 1573, Archbishop of Florence
in 1574 and Cardinal in 1583. After the death of Clement VIII he was
elected Pope, but he died twenty-seven days after his election in 1605.
been suggested that Malachy referred to the Pope's short reign.
Although not borne out by his Papal coat of arms "Undosus Vir" is
likely to be an allusion to his heraldic design.
Paul V (1605-1621)
1550 Camillo's career in the Church was not spectacular. In 1596 he was
made a Cardinal by Clement VIII and was appointed Cardinal Vicar of
Rome. He was elected Pope in 1605. In 1606 Paul V wrote a letter to
James I of England, congratulating him on his succession to the throne,
expressing his grief about the plot recently made against the monarch's
life and begging the King of England not to make the innocent Catholics
suffer for the crime of a few. He promised to exhort all the governors
of the realm to be submissive and loyal to their sovereign in all
things not opposed to the honour of God. Unfortunately the oath of
allegiance demanded by James of his subjects contained clauses which
had to be solemnly condemned by the Pope in 1607. This condemnation
occasioned the bitter dissension between the monarchy and those
governors who submitted to the decision of the Pope. Pope Paul V died
most obvious explanation of Malachy's legend is an allusion to the
Pope's armorial bearings which show a dragon and an eagle. These were
often referred to as the "Gens Perversa." There is another
interpretation which refers to the war between the Ghibelines and
Guelphs whose crests were the dragon and the eagle.
Gregory XV (1621-1623)
disturbance of peace]
was born in 1554, and became a Judge of the Capitol. In 1612 Paul V
appointed him Archbishop of Bologna and it was he who, as Nuncio to
Savoy, had to mediate between the Duke of Savoy and King Philip of
Spain. In 1616 he was created Cardinal and he was elected successor to
Pope Paul V in 1621. The relations between England and the Roman See
assumed a more friendly character during his pontificate and Gregory XV
was respected by the rulers of the continent, not only in religious
affairs but also in matters of a purely political nature. He died in
prophecy is an obvious reference to the Pope's activities as Nuncio
which were mainly concerned with the restoration of disturbances which
might well have lead to wars.
Urban VIII (1623-1644)
Lilium et rosa
[The lily and the rose]
born in 1568 and educated under the Jesuits. In 1601 he was appointed
Papal Legate to France and in 1604 Archbishop of Nazareth. Later he was
sent as Nuncio to Paris and in 1606 he was made a Cardinal by Paul V.
He was elected Pope in 1623 and throughout his reign he concerned
himself with the affairs of France and England. He died in 1644.
is no doubt that his particular interest in the affairs of France
(fleur de lis) and England (the rose) seems the most obvious
Innocent X (1644-1655)
[The joy of the cross]
GIOVANNI BATTISTA PAMPHIL
Born in 1574 he
became Nuncio at Naples and a Cardinal in 1626. He was elected Pope in
1644. He died in 1655. It is interesting to note that Innocent X was
raised to the Pontificate after a long and difficult Conclave on the
Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross.
[The guardian of the hills]
was born in 1599 of one of the most illustrious and powerful Italian
families. He entered upon his ecclesiastical career in 1626 and held
many posts and responsibilities. In 1651 he became Secretary of State
to Innocent X who made him a Cardinal in 1652. In the Conclave of 1655,
which lasted eighty days and which is famous for the clash of nation
and faction, Chigi was unanimously elected Pope. He died in 1667.
legend is an obvious allusion to the Pope's armorial bearings.
Clement IX (1667-1669)
1600 Giulio enjoyed the special favour of Urban VIII who made him
Archbishop of Tarsus and sent him as Nuncio to the Spanish Court. In
1657 Alexander VII appointed him Cardinal and ten years later he was
elected to the See of St. Peter. In 1668 he declared Rose of Lima to be
the first American Saint. He died at Rome in December 1669.
Pope's family came originally from Lombardy where its ancient history
is well recorded. The Pope's family coat of arms has a shield on which
was emblazoned a swan with stars overhead. Upon his election,
he was apparently the occupant of the Chamber of Swans in the Vatican.
Clement X (1670-1676)
De flumine magno
[From the great river]
was born in 1590, and had a quite unspectacular career in the Church.
Clement IX created him Cardinal when he was in his eighties. Unable to
secure the election of any of the prominent candidates the Cardinals,
after a Conclave of nearly five months, decided on electing a Cardinal
of advanced years. Thus Clement X became pontiff. He died in 1676.
prophecy concerning this Pope has two possible interpretations: Clement
X was born at Rome and in July 1590 the unusual phenomena of the Tiber
overflowing its banks is given in Moreri's interpretations of the
prophecies. The other explanation is that Malachy's reference is simply
a play on words concerning the Pope's name which was Altieri (Alto Reo-----a
Born in 1611. Benedetto was created a Cardinal by Innocent X. He was a
strong candidate for the Papacy after the death of Clement IX, but the
French Government rejected him. After the death of Clement X, King
Louis XIV of France again intended to use his real influence against
Cardinal Odescalchi's election, but the King yielded to the pressure of
the Conclave and after an interregnum of two months he was unanimously
elected in 1676 to the Papacy. He died in 1689.
Malachy's legend may be a reference to the Pope's armorial bearings
which show a lion and a bird of prey both of which had the reputation
of being insatiable beasts.
Ottoboni was born in 1610. He enjoyed all the wealth and social
position of a descendant of one of the most noble families of Venice.
He was made a Cardinal in 1652 and elected to the Papacy in 1689. He
died in 1691.
likely that he prophecy refers to the submission and consequent
repentance of the Gallican Bishops.
Rastrum in porta
[The rake of the door]
1615 Antonio entered the Roman Curia at the age of twenty. In 1682 he
was made a Cardinal and in 1687 Archbishop of Naples. As a compromise
the Conclave chose Cardinal Pignatelli to succeed Alexander VIII. He
died in 1700.
difficult to find a satisfactory explanation for this legend. "Rastrum"
means "at hand" or "the next coming on". It could also mean a rake.
This word has undergone many changes of meaning in the course of the
last five centuries. In 1582 a dictionary description refers to "a very
lean person", and a translation of 1653 gives as the meaning "somebody
dissolute" or "fond of fashion". Such speculation is by no mean
satisfactory and does not supply a straightforward interpretation of
is simply guess work.
Clement XI (1700-1721)
[Surrounded with flowers]
GIOVANNI FRANCESCO ALBANI
was born in 1649 and at the age of twenty-eight was made a Prelate. In
1690 he was created a Cardinal and the Conclave of 1700 chose him,
after deliberating for forty-six days, to be the successor to Innocent
XII. He died in 1721.
the city where the Pope was born, has a garland of flowers on its coat
of arms. It is interesting to note that during the reign of Clement XI
a coin was struck and on the exergue were the words "Flores
Circumdati". There is no doubt that those who had the medal struck must
have been mindful of the prophecies of Malachy which had become not
only common property since 1595, but were extremely popular at that
De bona Religione
good religious background]
MICHELANGELO DEI CONTI
born in 1655, the son of Carlo II, Duke of Poli. He was created a
Cardinal in 1706 and held various offices until in 1721 he was elected
Pope in a stormy Conclave. He died in 1724.
Pope belonged to the famous Conti family which has given so many Popes
to the Church. Malachy's legend could therefore be translated "Of a
good religious family". This explanation is shared by many medieval
Miles in bello
[The soldier in battle]
PIETRO FRANCESCO ORSINI
1649, he entered the Dominican order at the age of sixteen against the
will of his parents. They appealed in vain to Clement IX. At the age of
twenty-one he was promoted to a professorship and in 1672 elevated to
the position of Cardinal. In 1686 a serious illness caused his transfer
to Benevento where he remained for thirty eight years until he was
elected Pope in 1724. His first concern as Pope was to enforce rigidly
ecclesiastical discipline and he was unsparing in his efforts to
abolish luxury and worldly pomp among the Cardinals.
legend has always been interpreted to refer to the Pope's constant
battle against the pomp and worldly interests of the Curia.
[A lofty pillar]
was born in 1652 and the number of members of his family who had risen
to high positions in the Church is innumerable. In 1691 he became
Archbishop and Nuncio of Vienna. In 1756 he was created a Cardinal and
made Papal Treasurer. His elevation to the Papacy in 1730 caused no
surprise. In the second year of his Pontificate he became totally
blind. He died in his eighty-eighth year in 1740.
< style="font-family: helvetica,arial,sans-serif;">The prophecy
as an allusion to a bronze statue erected by the Romans to this Pope's
memory. The Pope also built a chapel in St. John Lateran's where he
wished to be buried. A reference Columna is usually an allusion to the
fact that one of the Colonna family would succeed to the Papacy.
[Animal of the field]
PROSPERO LORENZO LAMBERTINI
was born in 1675 and at the age of nineteen he received the degrees of
Doctor of Theology and Doctor of Canon and Civil Law. In 1727 he was
made Bishop and in 1728 Cardinal. When Clement XII died the Conclave
lasted for six months and the election then seemed no nearer than at
the beginning. Cardinal Lambertini, who had been proposed as a
compromise, addressed the Conclave saying: "If you wish to elect a
Saint, choose Gotti; a statesman, Aldabrandini; an honest man, elect
me". Lambertini was chosen and took the name of Benedict XIV. He died
appears to be no reason for interpreting the legend as an allusion to
the Pope's armorial bearings. Interpreters stress the fact that the
Pope wrote away at his desk like a "plodding ox", which, according to
the old writers, was typical of the persevering steady worker. (St.
Thomas Aquinas was called the dumb ox by his fellow students because he
fed his mind and ruminated silently.)
[The rose of Umbria]
was born at Venice in 1693 and became Bishop of Padua in 1743. In 1747
he became a Cardinal and in 1758 he was elected Pope. He died in 1769.
his Pontificate he raised to the dignity of Saints a great number of
persons belonging to the Franciscan order, mystically called "Rosa
[The swift bear]
LORENZO [OR GIOVANNI V.] GANGANELLI
born in 1705. He received his education from the Jesuits of Rimini and
at the age of nineteen he entered the order of the Franciscans. Clement
XIII gave him the Cardinal's hat in 1759 and the Conclave of 1769 chose
him to succeed Clement XIII. Under his pontificate the Jesuits were
suppressed. He died in 1774.
is no bear in the arms of the Pope: This is again one of the instances
where any interpretation would be purely guess work.
Pius VI (1775-1799)
[The pilgrim pope]
GIOVANNI ANGELICO BRASCHI
Giovanni was born in
1717. He became Papal secretary in 1755 and Clement XIV made him a
Cardinal in 1755. After this, he retired to the Abbey of Subiaco (of
which he was Abbot) until his election in the same year. He died in
legend is usually explained by the well known facts of the Pope's life.
His extremely long Pontifical reign had led contemporary writers to
refer to him as the Apostolic Pilgrim on Earth.
Pius VII (1800-1823)
[A rapacious eagle]
pope was born in 1740 and his elevation to the Papacy was foretold, as
Pius VII himself later related, by his mother, who in 1763 had entered
the convent of Carmelites. Pius VI created him a Cardinal in 1786 and
the Conclave elected him Pope in 1800. He died in 1823.
Pope's pontificate was overshadowed by Napoleon whose emblem was the
Leo XII (1823-1829)
Canis et coluber
[A dog and a serpent]
ANNIBALE DELLA GENGA
Born in 1760, Annibale became a Priest at the age of
only twenty-three. In 1820 he was made Vicar of Rome and after Pius
VII's death was elected to the Papacy. He died in 1829.
I think is fair to say that if the order of two
successive Popes could be reversed, the allusion to armorial bearings
would fit perfectly. What better description for Leo XII than that
which was given to Pius VII "Aquila Rapax" and how perfect would Pius
VII have been described with the legend "Custus Montium" or "Crux de
Cruce", if chance would have had it so.
Contrary to popular belief, the original manuscript of
the Prophecies of Malachy has not been found in the Vatican Library.
His Excellency Archbishop Cardinale instigated a thorough search for
the manuscript at the Vatican. The sad fact is that there is no record
of this manuscript being there or having been there. The many
publications and additions to Malachy's prophecies since the middle of
the sixteenth century do not concur exactly with the order of the
Popes, particularly during the reigns of the antipopes. It is also
reasonable to assume that the interpreters have relied largely on the
works of their predecessors, adopting the same order of succession.
As matters stand Malachy's prophecy concerning Leo XII
may be a reference to two of the Pope's most outstanding virtues:
vigilance, which one associates with a dog; and prudence, commonly
associated with the serpent.
Pius VIII (1829-1830)
[A religious man]
FRANCESCO SAVERIO CASTIGLIONI
Francesco was born in 1761 and attended a Jesuit school.
In 1800 Pius VII appointed him Bishop of Moltalto and he held various
episcopal sees. As early as the Conclave of 1823 Castiglioni was among
the candidates for the Papacy. Cardinal Wiseman relates that this
Pope's elevation to the Papacy, as well as the name he was to assume,
was predicted by Pius VII for, on a certain occasion, the Pope
addressed Cardinal Castiglioni and said, "Your Holiness Pius VIII may
one day settle this matter". At the election of 1829 he succeeded Pius
VII and he died on the 1st December 1830.
Malchy's legend may refer to the fact (Religiosus) that
the Pope had come from a family which was well known for its deep faith
and that he was not the first Pope this family had given to the Church.
Other interpreters have taken "Religiousus" to mean the same as Pius,
thus foreshadowing his name.
[Bath of Etruria]
BARTOLOMEO ALBERTO CAPPELLARI
Prior to his election
he was member of an order founded by Saint Romuald, at Balneo, in
present day Tuscany.
Pius IX (1846-1878)
Crux de cruce
[The cross from
GIOVANNI MARIA MASTAI FERRETTI
The loss of his temporal
power was only one of many trials that filled the long pontificate of
IX. There was scarcely a country where the rights of the Church were
infringed upon. In many countries church property was confiscated,
orders expelled, and Bishops imprisoned or banished. The height of
disturbances was reached during the Kulturkampf inaugurated in 1873.
Pope is well remembered for ordaining to important ecclesiastical
only such men.
Leo XIII (1878-1903)
[A light in the
This is the first
of Malachy's prophecies for the years after 1590 which appears to be a
straightfoward allusion to the Pope's amorial bearings which show a
star in the coat of arms. His great encylicals could also be called "a
light in the sky".
St. Pius X (1903-1914)
[The burning fire]
This refers to the
burning zeal and endeavor to guard against the foe of heresy that
characterized his reign, as well as his unquenable desire to promote
among the faithful.
[Religion laid waste]
GIACOMO DELLA CHIESA
The years of Pope
Benedict's papacy were overshadowed by the death of millions of
in World War I. 1917 saw the beginning of the Russian Revolution which
brought about the end of religious life in thsi formerly most Christian
country. Religio Depopulata is one of Malachy's prophecies
have unfortunarely been fulfilled true to the letter of the word.
Pius XI (1922-1939)
Elevated to the Papacy
in 1922 he faced the rise of Fascism and Communism in the Western
Vatican documents reveal the tremendous pressure which was put on this
Pope by the dictators of Italy and Germany. Again, one could say that
was the Pontiff's "Fides Intrepida" --- his
unshaken faith --- in
what he believed to be right which may have prevented even greater
than that which befell the Catholic Church during his reign. His
at which Hitler sneered and raged and before which Mussolini crumbled;
his outspoken criticism against Fascism and Communism which upset the
plans of the dictators, and his unshaken faith, all sustained the
in a period of the most severe trials. Malachy's description appears to
be a most fitting one for Pope Pius XI.
Pius XII (1939-1958)
[An angelic shepherd]
particularly that by Pinchas Lapide [The Last Three Popes and the
Souvenir Press, 1967] and the publication of the Vatican document
to the reign of Ven. Pius XII, have given the world unshakable and
proof of this Pope's greatness and spirituality. He was in the truest
of the word an Angelic Pastor to the flock committed to his care, and
flock were all those who suffered. In spite of the defamatory and
allegations piublished about him in contemporary times, Pius XII
has emerged as one of the great popes of all time. Although the
of his visions have not yet become public knowledge there is little
that his affinity to the spiritual world was a very real and close one.
The description Pastor Angelicus is most apt and one of the
descriptive in St. Malachy's prophecies.
John XXIII (1958-1963)+
[Pastor and mariner]
ANGELO GIUSEPPE RONCALLI
Prior to his
election he was Patriarch of Venice,
a marine city and
while Pontiff, called a pastor to the world.
Paul VI (1963-1978)
[Flower of flowers]
GIOVANNI BATTISTA MONTINI
History: His arms
displayed three lilies,
which forms the shape of the flower of flowers, the fleur de lis.
John Paul I
[Of the half of
born in Canale d'Ogardo,
diocese of Belluno, [beautiful moon] he was elected Pope
on August 26: his reign lasted about a month, from half a moon to the
John Paul II
[Of the eclipse
of the sun, or from the labor of the sun]
was born on May 18, 1920 during a solar eclipse. He also comes from
the former Iron Curtain; He might also be seen to be associated with
of the Woman Clothed with the Sun laboring in Revelation 12 [because of
his devotion to the Virgin Mary who labored to have Russia consecrated
to her Immaculate Heart.]
[The glory of the
The Order of St.
Benedict has claimed by tradition that this Pope will come from within
the Order; St. Benedict himself prophesied that before the end of world
comes about, his Order will triumphantly lead the Catholic Church in
fight against evil; The Order of St. Benedict is also known as the
Malachy did not make this precise claim, as he often used allegory in
his prophecies, thus the name of Benedict was also a likely
association. The Benedictines have long been instrumental in promoting
the Holy Mass. Thus, because the Order of late has been so liberalized
in many quarters, some thought that this Pontiff might not be as good
as one would hope for. The new Pontif is known to want the Holy Mass to
be celebrated more reverently, perhaps this is what will be "the Glory
of the Olive". In addition, the Olive [the branch] is symbolic of
peace: our new Holy Father is a very sweet and gentle man, given to
much patience as well as being most pious and humble, precisely the
sort of Pontiff who could be instrumental in bringing some peace to a
world at war somewhere every day. Perhaps he will be the Pope to
actually make the consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Our
Lady, the only guarantee of true peace. Moreover, he has always
been very devoted to St. Benedict, who reinvigorated the flowering of
Christendom through the monastic system and the rule of life. [Text
in red by the Web Master.]
extrema S.R.E. sedebit Petrus Romanus, qui pascet oues in multis
quibus transactis ciuitas septicollis diruetur, & Iudex
iudicabit populum suum: Finis.
[In the final persecution
of the Holy Roman Church there will reign Peter the Roman, who will feed
his flock among many tribulations;after which the seven-hilled city
be destroyed, and the dreadful Judge will judge the people: The end.]