Devotion to the Mother of Sorrows
Sanctioned by the Church
DEVOTION to the sorrows of Mary has always been a favorite devotion
among Catholics. It has been sanctioned by the Church and introduced
into the Missal and Breviary. In order to keep before our minds the
inexpressible sufferings endured for us by the Mother of God while she
lived here on earth with her Divine Son, the Church observes two feasts
in honor of the Seven Dolors of Mary: one on the Friday before Good
Friday and the other on September 15. She has enriched with numerous
indulgences the Rosary of the Seven Dolors, as well as a number of
other devotions to the Mother of Sorrows. How touching is the beautiful
hymn, Stabat Mater Dolorosa, which the Church intertwines with the
public recitation of the Way of the Cross. The Church spares no pains
to induce her children to venerate the sufferings of their Heavenly
Seven of her Sorrows have been chosen for our special veneration. These
are the ones selected for the mysteries of the Rosary of the Seven
Dolors. They are:
1. The prophecy of Simeon.
2. The flight into Egypt.
3. The loss of the Child Jesus in the temple.
4. The meeting of Jesus and Mary on the Way of the Cross.
5. The Crucifixion.
6. The taking down of the Body of Jesus from the Cross.
7. The burial of Jesus.
Because of these seven sorrows which pierced her maternal heart, the
Mother of God is often represented either as standing beneath the
Cross, or as holding the lifeless Body of Jesus on her lap, her heart
transfixed by seven swords, according to the prophecy of holy Simeon:
"Thine own soul a sword shall pierce" [Luke 2 : 35].
Holy Church recalls to our mind only seven of Our Lady's dolors, but
who could form an estimate of their real number! The sufferings of the
Mother of God cannot be comprehended; they are inconceivable. But
although her whole life was, like that of her Divine Son, a continuous
series of sufferings and tribulations, the greatest woes and trials
came to her during the week of the bitter Passion and Death of Jesus,
when the storm of hatred and fury burst forth with all violence against
During our Savior's Passion, every glance at her suffering Son forced
the sword deeper into Mary's soul. Every sound of His voice brought
special bitterness to her Heart. Every increase of her love for Him
---- and it increased with every moment of His Passion ---- augmented
her sorrows. The dearer and more precious Our Lord became to her, the
more keenly she felt the heart-rending woe of His cruel and ignominious
Passion! In her spirit as well as in her senses, she felt every blow
that was inflicted upon her Divine Son, every insult that was offered
to His sacred Person. Yet no complaint or cry escaped her blanched
lips. With heroic fortitude she suppressed her violent grief, and,
wholly conformed to the Divine will, generously offered the sacrifice
of her Son for the sins of the world.
Remember the Sorrows of Thy Mother!
When the aged Tobias felt his end drawing near, he called his son and
gave him wise counsels. Regarding . his mother he admonished him in
this touching manner: "Honor thy mother all the days of her life; for
thou must be mindful what and how great perils she suffered for thee"
[Tob. 4:3: 4]. Truly, this is a beautiful lesson for us all regarding
our mother, but it may be applied still more appropriately to Mary, our
Heavenly Mother, the Mother of our soul. From the Cross our Savior gave
her to each one of us for our Mother when He said to the beloved
disciple: "Behold thy Mother" [John 19: 27].
To us Our Lord also says: "Honor thy Mother all the days of thy life
and be mindful of how much she suffered for thee." It is on account of
the exceedingly great sorrows and sufferings which Mary endured for our
salvation that she deserves our compassion and highest esteem. If our
own mother suffers long and intensely, we show our love and esteem by
sympathizing with her. In return our mother loves us all the more
tenderly. It is the same with Mary, our Heavenly Mother. She is greatly
pleased if her children sympathize with her by thinking frequently of
The Mother of God once said to St. Bridget, "I gaze upon the children
of men to see whether anyone feels compassion for me, and, alas! I see
but few. If many forget me, at least you, my daughter, do not forget
me. Consider how much I have suffered."
Holy Church applies these words of Jeremias to the Sorrowful Mother:
"Oh, all ye that pass by the way, attend and see if there be any sorrow
like to my sorrow" [Lam. 1: 12]. "To what shall I compare thee, or to
what shall I liken thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? . . . For great as
the sea is thy destruction: who shall heal thee?" [2: 3.] The love of
Mary is referred to as a burning love which many waters cannot quench.