The Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe
by Pauly Fongemie
Adapted from the 1945 Roman
Missal and Excerpts Based on Various Guadalupe Handbooks
OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE: A LITTLE DISCOURSE
THE FEAST OF OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE
PRAYERS TO OUR LADY OF GUADALUPE
PRAYERS: TEXT ONLY
The Liturgical Year does not include the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe because this Feast is not celebrated universally, but in Mexico, Spain, and the United States, the date for the latter being December 12. So I have taken the orations, etc. from the 1945 Roman Missal, Fr. Lasance version.But I thought it would be instructive to begin with a little discourse on Our Lady of Guadalupe. As regular visitors know, we do not have a permanent Guadalupe Directory as there is an entire web site dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe, the link to which is found on Mary's Index 2.
Nothing is accidental with God, so it is not mere coincidence that the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, which falls on December 12 in the United States, is within the Octave of the Feast of The Immaculate Conception, December 8 and following. In both appearances-----at Lourdes, France in 1858 and on Tepeyac Hill in Mexico in 1531-----she appeared to a lone seer, each one being very poor and most pure, and said "I am" and gave her name in reference to each apparition: "I am the Immaculate Conception" and " I am your Mother."
In the first apparition the healing that followed was spiritual-----that of conversion from barbarism to the sweetness of Catholicism; in the second, physical cures as well as conversions. But the significance of the titles she gave includes the close connection between two apparitions that were 327 years apart. In both Mary's Motherhood is proclaimed. At Guadalupe she came as "Mother", Mother of the poor, the Mother of Sorrows and the Mother of God, as depicted in her garments which to the Indian natives of Mexico were evidence of her approaching time at Bethlehem. At Lourdes, Mary's Divine maternity is enshrined in her Immaculate Conception, God's great work and miracle, the Mother of God and of the Church, who was conceived without Original Sin, who bears the Savior of Mankind. The name Guadalupe, is roughly translated as the "savior from the devil." In truth both apparitions are Apocalyptic, for Our Lady is the Woman with the Twelve Stars who will crush the seed of Satan.
From the time of the appearance of the Miraculous Image on the tilma of St. Juan Diego, Catholics, both Spaniard and Indian, Americans and Europeans, have believed that there is a relationship between the Immaculate Conception and Guadalupe. Although the dogma of the Immaculate Conception was declared centuries after Guadalupe, as with the dogma of the Assumption, its belief was intrinsically held by the faithful since the beginning of the Church. And the same with the Immaculate Conception.
For two hundred years after the apparition at Guadalupe on Tepeyac Hill this connection was evident by the discussions of the "Woman clothed with the sun" in Apocalypse 12, 1 and following, and its likeness to the Miraculous Figure of the Mother of God on the tilma. By the time of Guadalupe, it was already commonplace among Catholics to identify the Woman of the Apocalypse with the Immaculate Conception.
In more recent times it has been noted that the words Our Lady used to identify herself to Juan Diego, "Quetzalcoatl", that is, I am the one who has crushed the head of the serpent. To the Spanish ear, the name transliterated into Guadalupe, the name of a popular shrine in Spain.
And thus this version became the popularized title for our Lady in Mexico, not just Spain. But if one thinks that the mere similar pronunciation of the two words provides the actual link between the Virgin of Guadalupe in Spain and Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico and the Immaculate Conception, then one is mistaken, for that similarity is but a signpost: I cite from A HANDBOOK ON GUADALUPE by the Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate, pp. 160-161:
By the end of the 15th century the Franciscans had placed in the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Extremadura, Spain, a statue of the Immaculate Conception, one which soon became a popular object of veneration. There is also good evidence that the same statue had already been made known by the Franciscan missionaries in Mexico to the Indians and that perhaps a reproduction was already venerated in the vicinity of Tepeyac.
Now, the similarity between the depiction of the Immaculate in the statue placed by the Friars Minor in the sanctuary of Extremadura and the Image on the tilma is extraordinarily close, so close that anyone from the region of Extremadura, like the Spanish translator in the Bishop's palace, hearing what sounded like Guadalupe, would have spontaneously associated this Image with the Immaculate Conception statue in Spain. [We regret to say that we have no image of this shrine-----the web Master.]
In the Franciscan tradition the Immaculate is Our Lady, Queen of the Angels, whose Portiuncula (Little Portion) was the chapel where Angels were often seen to descend and ascend, waiting on their Queen and her clients, "the rest of her offspring," i.e., the rest of the Savior's brethren (cf. Apoc. 12: 17). This is the place where St. Francis came to understand his vocation, found his Order and where he died.
When, therefore, the good Bishop beheld the roses spilling on the floor, it was not only a sign that he could believe Juan Diego, but an answer to his own prayer for a sign assuring the success of the evangelization and the pacification of the two peoples. When he saw the image of Our Lady supported by an Angel at her feet on the tilma, he could not help but recognize the Franciscan mode of conceiving the Immaculate as Queen of the Angels. The link between Guadalupe in Mexico, Guadalupe in Spain and the Immaculate Conception was fixed. The core of the Perfect Virgin's message at every authenticated appearance since, because she is the Immaculate, rests upon her maternal mediation as Dispenstrix of God's mercy and grace. It is she upon whom the Angels wait, the Angels venerated at both Guadalupe shrines.
Now, let us look at Our Lady of Guadalupe as this is the Feast we celebrate here:
Against every oppressor, against every persecutor, Our Lady stands: Maria Morena, the Dark Virgin, gentle, loving, invulnerable, inextinguishably shining. Neither narrow-minded later Spaniards who disapproved of her too common associations (there has always been a certain type of Christian who tends to find Mary very undignified) nor anti-Catholic fanatics who saw the Church as the supreme obstacle to what they called "progress", dared for centuries to touch her. But they could not forget that she was there. Finally, in perhaps the greatest crisis in Mexican history after the conquest itself, when the revolutionary constitution of 1917 (the year Mary appeared at Fatima) had turned over full control of the Church in Mexico to the bitterly anti-Catholic government of Obregon and Calles, the Church's enemies struck at Our Lady of Guadalupe directly. A bomb was concealed in a bouquet of flowers placed under her sacred image on November 14, 1921. It exploded during Mass. Pieces of stone were ripped from the sanctuary; the force of the explosion twisted a heavy metal cross on the altar into an almost circular shape. But not one worshipper in the packed church was hurt; and the sacred image was absolutely untouched.
FROM THE ROMAN MISSAL
Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Hail, holy Mother, who in childbirth didst bring forth the King Who ruleth Heaven and earth world without end. (P.T. Alleluia, alleluia.) Ps. 44: 2. My heart hath uttered a good word: I speak my words to the King. V. Glory.
O GOD, Who hast willed that, under the special patronage of the blessed Virgin Mary, we be laden with perpetual favors, grant to Thy suppliants that, as we this day rejoice in her commemoration on earth, we may enjoy the vision of her in Heaven. Through our Lord.
Epistle, As the vine, from the Mass on the feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, July 16:
Epistle. Wisdom 24: 23-31
As the vine I have brought forth a pleasant odor, and my flowers are the fruit of honor and riches. I am the mother of fair love, and of fear, and of knowledge, and of holy hope. In me is all grace of the way and of the truth, in me is all hope of life and of virtue. Come over to me, all ye that desire me, and be filled with my fruits; for my spirit is sweet above honey, and my inheritance above honey and the honeycomb. My memory is unto everlasting generations. They that eat me, shall yet hunger; and they that drink me, shall yet thirst. He that harkeneth to me shall not be confounded, and they that work by me shall not sin. They that explain me shall have life everlasting.
Gradual. Cant. 6: 9
Who is she that cometh forth as the morning rising, fair as the moon, bright as the sun? Ecclus. 50: 8. As the rainbow giving light in the bright clouds, and as the flower of roses in the days of spring.
Alleluia, alleluia. V. Cant. 2: 12. The flowers have appeared in our land, the time of pruning is come. Alleluia.
Gospel, Mary rising up, from Visitation of our Blessed Lady.
Gospel. Luke 1: 39-47
Continuation of the holy Gospel according to St. Luke.
AT THAT time, Mary rising up, went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda. And she entered into the house of Zachary, and saluted Elizabeth. And it came to pass that when Elizabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the infant leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: and she cried out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For behold, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in my ears, the infant in my womb leaped for joy. And blessed art thou that hast believed, because those things shall be accomplished that were spoken to thee by the Lord. And Mary said, My soul my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Savior.
Offertory. 2 Par. 7: 16
I have chosen, and have sanctified this place, that My name may be there, and My eyes and My heart may remain there forevermore.
THROUGH thine indulgent mercy, O Lord, and through the prayers of blessed Mary ever a virgin, may this oblation avail to the ensuring to us of prosperity and peace, now and forevermore. Through our Lord.
Communion. Ps. 147: 20
He hath not done in like manner to every nation: and His judgments He hath not made manifest to them.
Postcommunion from the Mass Salve Sancte Parens.
HAVING received the aids of our everlasting salvation, O Lord, we beseech Thee, grant us to be everywhere protected by the patronage of blessed Mary, ever a virgin, in veneration of whom we have made these offerings to Thy majesty. Through our Lord.
"Know for certain, littlest of my
I am the perfect and perpetual Virgin Mary, Mother of the True God
Whom everything lives, the Lord of all things near and far, the Master
of Heaven and earth."
MURAL WITH SCENES 1
POSTER IMAGE 1
ST. JUAN DIEGO
CALENDAR IMAGE WITH ST. JUAN DIEGO
COMPOSITE DESKTOP WALLPAPER: FULL IMAGE OF THE CROPPED ONE ON THE PRAYER PAGE
TRADITIONAL KITCHEN PLAQUE, PLAIN
TRADITIONAL KITCHEN PLAQUE WITH ST. JUAN DIEGO: LIKE THE BANNER IMAGE, BUT PLAIN
WITH CHERUBS, VERSION 1
WITH CHERUBS, VERSION 2
POSTER IMAGE 2
MURAL WITH SCENES 2
TRADITIONAL WALL PLAUE, DEMI, BASED ON THE ORIGINAL
SPANISH POSTER IMAGE, SMALL
ORIGINAL IMAGE, PALER
TRADITIONAL KITCHEN PLAQUE, TEXTURED
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