is a Sin

Adapted From The Spanish of 
Dr. Don Felix Sarda Y Salvany,

"Liberalism is the root of heresy, the tree of evil in whose branches all the harpies of infidelity find ample shelter; it is today the evil of all evils." [Pg. 22]

"Liberalism "is, therefore, the radical and universal denial of all Divine truth and Christian dogma, the primal type of all heresy, and the supreme rebellion against the authority of God and His Church. As with Lucifer, its maxim is, 'I will not serve.' " [Pg. 16]

Nihil Obstat: 
F. G. Holweck
 Censor Librorum
 St. Louis, June 26th, 1899 

+John J. Kain
Archbishop of St. Louis
 St. Louis, Missouri
June 30, 1899 


 I. What Begets Liberalism
II. What Liberalism Is
III. Liberalism A Sin
IV. The Gravity Of The Sin Of Liberalism
V. The Degrees Of Liberalism
VI. Catholic Liberalism Or Liberal Catholicism 
VII. Intrinsic Causes Of Liberal Catholicism
VIII. Shadow And Penumbra
IX. Two Kinds Of Liberalism
X. Liberalism Of All Shades Condemned By The Church
XI. The Solemn Condemnation Of Liberalism By The Syllabus
XII. Like Liberalism But Not Liberalism, Liberalism But Not Like It
XIII. The Name "Liberalism"
XIV. Liberalism And FreeThought
XV. Can A Liberal Be In Good Faith? 
XVI. The Symptoms Of Liberalism
XVII. Christian Prudence And Liberalism
XVIII. Liberalism And Literature
XIX. Charity And Liberalism
XX. Polemical Charity And Liberalism
XXI. Personal Polemics And Liberalism
XXII. A Liberal Objection To Ultramontane Methods
XXIII. The "Civilta Cattolica's" Charity To Liberals
XXIV. A Liberal Sophism And The Church's Diplomacy
XXV. How Catholics Fall Into Liberalism
XXVI. Permanent Causes of Liberalism
XXVII. How To Avoid Liberalism
XXVIII. How To Distinguish Catholic From Liberal Works
XXIX. Liberalism And Journalism
XXX. Can Catholics And Liberals Ever Unite
XXXI. An Illusion Of Liberal Catholics
XXXII. Liberalism And Authority In Particular Cases
XXXIII. Liberalism As It Is In This Country
Syllabus of Errors of Pope 


 In 1886 there appeared in Spain a little work under the title El Liberalismo es Pecado: "Liberalism Is A Sin," by Don Felix Sarda y Salvany, a priest of Barcelona and editor of a journal called La Revista Popular. The book excited considerable commotion. It was vigorously assailed by the Liberals. A Spanish Bishop, of a Liberal turn, instigated an answer to Dr. Sarda's work by another Spanish priest. Both books were sent to Rome praying the Sacred Congregation of the Index to put Dr. Sarda's work under the ban. The following letter, dated January 10, 1887, from the Sacred Congregation itself, explains the result of its consideration of the two volumes:

Most Excellent Sir:

The Sacred Congregation of the Index has received the denunciation of the little work bearing the title "El Liberalismo es Pecade" by Don Felix Sarda y Salvany, a priest of your diocese; the denunciation [pg. iii] was accompanied at the same time by another little work entitled "El Proceso del Integrismo," that is "a refutation of the errors contained in the little work El Liberalismo es Pecado." The author of the second work is D. de Pazos, a canon of the diocese of Vich.

Wherefore the Sacred Congregation has carefully examined both works, and decided as follows: In the first not only is nothing found contrary to sound doctrine, but its author, D. Felix Sarda merits great praise for his exposition and defense of the sound doctrine therein set forth with solidity, order and lucidity, and without personal offense to anyone. [Emphasis added.]

The same judgment, however, cannot be passed on the other work by D. de Pazos, for in matter it needs corrections. Moreover his injurious manner of speaking cannot be approved, for he inveighs rather against the person of D. Sarda, than against the latter's supposed errors. [Emphasis added.]

Therefore the Sacred Congregation has commanded D. de Pazos, admonished by his own Bishop, to withdraw his book, as far as he can, from circulation, and in future, if any discussion of the subject should arise, to abstain from all expressions personally injurious, according to the precept of true Christian charity; and this all the more [iv] since Our Holy Father Leo XIII, while he urgently recommends castigation of error, neither desires nor approves expressions personally injurious, especially when directed against those who are eminent for their doctrine and their piety.

In communicating to you this order of the Sacred Congregation of the Index, that you may be able to make it known to the illustrious priest of your diocese, D. Sarda, for his peace of mind, I pray God to grant you all happiness and prosperity and subscribe myself with great respect,
Your most obedient servant,
Fr. Jerome Scheri, O.P.
Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of the Index.

To the Most Rev. Jacobo Catala et Alboso, Bishop of Barcelona.

The following short chapters on Liberalism are mainly and substantially Dr. Sarda's book, put into English . . . Their need and their use will be best understood and appreciated by their perusal.